Here’s the twist: Only 12 percent of Americans said they thought there was less gun crime than two decades ago, according to a Pew survey. Twenty-six percent said the rate hadn’t changed, and 56 percent said it had gone up. Women, people of color, and the elderly were particularly likely to believe gun crime was rising. “It’s hard to know what’s going on there,” says D’Vera Cohn, senior writer at the Pew Research Center. Why the disconnect between perceptions of violence and reality?